Maine Developmental Disabilities Council

Reducing the Use of Restraint and Seclusion

The Maine Developmental Disabilities Council takes a strong stand against the use of restraint and seclusion in our schools, hospitals and group homes, and works with our ally organizations to raise awareness about the trauma that these interventions impose on our most vulnerable populations. In the last few years, MDDC has:

  • Been an founding participant in the Coalition Against Restraint and Seclusion (CARS), a group made up of several parent and disabilities advocacy organizations in Maine
  • Supported the development of a family-friendly guide to the use of restraint and seclusion in schools
  • Advocated for legislation that holds schools more accountable for the high rates of the uses of these interventions
  • Hosted several screenings of The Kids We Lose, a film that documents the consequences of such interventions on our vulnerable children
  • Begun work on a pilot project that will study the effectiveness of alternatives to restraint and seclusion

Chapter 33

Our work on this issue ramped up in 2012, when the Department of Education’s Chapter 33 rules, which govern the permissible uses of restraint and seclusion for students, were opened to changes. 

Since the new Chapter 33 rules were put into place, advocates at our sister organization, Disability Rights Maine, have been collecting and collating the data around the use of restraint and seclusion in schools. The findings have not been positive and include data to show that children with disabilities are more likely to have these interventions used on them and worrying indications that schools may not be reporting as the law requires. 

The Coalition Against Restraint and Seclusion – CARS

In collaboration with other statewide advocacy organizations, including Disability Rights Maine, Maine Parent Federation, and the Autism Society of Maine, the Maine Developmental Disabilities Council created CARS – the Coalition Against Restraint and Seclusion – to better focus on this important issue, raise awareness, and create positive systems change that will reduce the uses of these harmful interventions. Since 2014, CARS has met regularly to discuss the ongoing issue of restraint and seclusion, collect data and stories of parents and children affected by this issue, and work more effectively together to get the message out about how harmful these practices are.

Raising awareness – Kids We Lose screenings

In March of 2019, MDDC funded a screening of The Kids We Lose, a documentary produced by Dr. Ross Greene and his organization, Lives in the Balance, that follows the stories of several children and adults affected by the use of restraint and seclusion in schools - including stories from several children in Maine. After the screening, which took place at the University of Maine in Augusta, MDDC hosted a panel discussion that included Dr. Greene and several members of the Coalition Against Restraint and Seclusion answering questions from an audience that included Department of Education employees, teachers, and parents. MDDC also helped to spread the word about this important film, which at the time was available for free streaming through PBS, on our website and social media.

LD 1376

In 2017, Disability Rights Maine published their first report on the data available on the use of restraint and seclusion in schools, using the reporting required from the new Chapter 33 rules. Their findings were worrisome and included indications that restraint and seclusion is still being used inappropriately, that these interventions are being underreported, and that students with disabilities are being subjected to restraint and seclusion at much higher rates than their peers.

In response to these findings, MDDC and the Coalition Against Restraint and Seclusion began working on a legislative solution to the issue. The resulting bill, sponsored by Rep. Richard Farnsworth, strengthens the rules around reporting the use of restraint and seclusion and makes those rules apply to special education students. The text and summary of LD 1376: An Act To Direct the Department of Education To Amend Its Rules To Ensure That Physical Restraint and Seclusion Policies Are Followed for Special Education Students and Make Biennial Reports on the Use of Physical Restraint and Seclusion can be found here:

LD 1373

This legislation is currently working its way through the process. For more information on this bill and what you can do to support it, go here:


Our sister organization, Disability Rights Maine, has been tracking the data available on the use of restraint and seclusion in Maine schools, and recently published an update to their report. Some of the big takeaways:

How often is R and S used in Maine - a graph detailing the continued use of restraint and seclusion in Maine from 2013 to 2018


How does Maine compare with the rest of the country? - a graph that shows that Maine uses restraint and seclusion at 12 times the national rate





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Maine Developmental Disabilities Council
526 Western Avenue  Unit 2
Augusta, ME 04330



139 State House Station Augusta, ME 04333


Phone: 207-480-1478 or toll free 833-713-2618